Economics as a Minor

Economics as a Minor

Learning some economics can make that small decisive difference even if you’ve decided to major in something else. Economic concepts have proven useful in analyzing workplace relations, legal disputes, bargaining situations, and many more: economics is a surprisingly versatile tool that can be applied to almost any situation.

On top of such directly useful knowledge, economics provides you with the ability to understand how the economy works. Such a skill is an imperative for anyone in working life, not just those specializing in economics. It is therefore not surprising that economics is a popular minor for students majoring in, e.g., social sciences, business, and engineering.

Helsinki GSE serves the wider academic community by tailoring minor programs for students in other disciplines. Helsinki GSE offers training in economic theory at the intermediate level, through introductory courses in quantitative and empirical methods of economics, and via an opportunity for advanced work in a student's particular area of interest.

Throughout these courses, the emphasis will be on concepts, applications, and demonstrating the usefulness of economic methods.

Students should select at least 15 ECTS from the following courses.

Mandatory courses:

  • Principles of economics (5 ect)

Optional courses:

  • TA3a Microeconomics I (5 ect)
  • TA3b Microeconomics II (5 ect)
  • TA3c Game Theory (5 ect)
  • TA4a Macroeconomics I (5 ect)
  • TA4b Macroeconomics II (5 ect)
  • TA4c Economic growth (5 ect)
  • TA5 Field Courses (5 ect per module)
    • Microeconomics I, II and III
    • Macroeconomics I, II, III, IV and V
    • Econometrics I and II 
    • International economics I, II and III
    • Public economics I and II
    • Labour economics 
    • Financial economics I, II, III and IV
    • History of economics 
  • TA7a Econometrics I (5 ect)
  • TA7b Econometrics II (5 ect)

Students should take at least the four mandatory courses (24 ECTS), but are also encouraged to take optional courses.


  • Principles of economics, 6 ECTS
  • Microeconomics, 6 ECTS
  • Macroeconomics, 6 ECTS
  • Finnish economy and economic policy, 6 ECTS


  • Personnel economics, 6 ECTS
  • Mathematical methods of economics, 6 ECTS
  • Energy and environmental economics, 6 ECTS
  • Money and banking theory, 6 ECTS
  • Russian economy, 6 ECTS
  • Econometrics and data analysis, 6 ECTS

All courses are obligatory:

  • Introduction to economics, 6 ECTS
  • Macroeconomic analysis, 6 ECTS
  • Microeconomic analysis, 8ECTS
  • International economics, 6 ECTS